Feasibility of atmospheric temperature sensing from ocean data buoys by microwave radiometry by E. R Westwater

Cover of: Feasibility of atmospheric temperature sensing from ocean data buoys by microwave radiometry | E. R Westwater

Published by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Research Laboratories, Wave Propagation Laboratory, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Boulder, Colo, Springfield, Va .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Atmospheric temperature -- Measurement,
  • Microwave measurements

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementE. R. Eastwater, M. T. Decker, and F. O. Guiraud
SeriesNOAA technical report ERL -- 375. -- WPL -- 48, NOAA technical report ERL -- 375., NOAA technical report ERL -- 48.
ContributionsDecker, M. T., jt. auth, Guiraud, F. O., jt. auth, Wave Propagation Laboratory, Environmental Research Laboratories (U.S.)
The Physical Object
Paginationiii, 32 p. :
Number of Pages32
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13601137M

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Feasibility of atmospheric temperature sensing from ocean data buoys by microwave radiometry / E.R. Westwater, M.T. Decker, and F.O.

Guiraud Item Preview. Feasibility of atmospheric temperature sensing from ocean data buoys by microwave radiometry. Boulder, Colo.: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Research Laboratories, Wave Propagation Laboratory ; Springfield, Va.: For sale by the National Technical Information Service, [] (OCoLC) Such data enables scientists to test existing models of the atmosphere's energy balance, depletion of the ozone layer, climate trends, and other vital atmospheric processes.

Atmospheric Remote Sensing by Microwave Radiometry. Is a state-of-the-art volume on remote sensing of the atmosphere by microwave techniques. Intercomparisons of radiometer-based cloud liquid temperature retrievals with estimates from collocated ceilometer and radiosonde measurements indicated on average a standard deviation of about degrees C between the two retrieval types in a wide range of cloud temperatures, from warm liquid clouds to mixed-phase clouds with supercooled liquid and liquid water paths greater than 50 g m(-2).

The concept of microwave SSS remote sensing has been demonstrated by many airborne. microwave systems [3,4,5,6]. It was demonstrated that the effects of sea surface temperature. could be eliminated by using two frequency channels at L- and S-bands [3]. The spectral region of interest for passive microwave radiometry lies in the wavelength range from 3 mm to 30 cm.

Basic physical relationships are examined along with atmospheric effects and. Figures 1 and 2 show temperature weighting functions of the channels under consideration, at θ = 0° and 70°, respectively, for a magnetic field value of 51 μT (location 45°N, 60°W).

Table 1 describes the characteristics of the channels. We consider the sensitivity values to be achievable with the current state of microwave technology.

A complete instrument would also have window channels Cited by:   Measurements of sea surface temperature (SST) can be made by satellite microwave radiometry in all weather conditions except rain.

Microwaves penetrate clouds with little attenuation, giving an uninterrupted view of the ocean surface. This is a distinct advantage Feasibility of atmospheric temperature sensing from ocean data buoys by microwave radiometry book infrared measurements of SST, which are obstructed by clouds.

Comparisons with ocean buoys show a root Cited by: Time series analysis on clear-sky brightness temperature (TB) data observed in the morning with ground-based microwave radiometer for atmospheric remote sensing is. Aimed at scientists using satellite microwave radiometry to study remote sensing of the heat and dynamic interaction between ocean and atmosphere, this text is a fully revised and expanded edition of the authors’ monograph "Intercorrelation between Natural Microwave Radiation of the Ocean-Atmosphere System and its Boundary Heat and Dynamic Interaction", previously published only in.

a- Buoys data TAO and PIRATA buoys permit measurements in differents locations over the ocean of air temperature, relative humidity for year TAO buoys are distributed from 8°S to 9°N and from °E to 95°W. PIRATA buoys are located from 20°S to 20°N and from 20°E to 50°W b-Satellite data: The satellite data used are AMSU and.

Introduction. Sea-surface temperature (SST) is a very important variable in the earth's climate system. Being at the interface of the ocean and the atmosphere, SST is critical to both, and to the exchanges of heat, moisture, momentum, and gases between the two (e.g.

Bentamy et al., ; Wanninkhof et al., ).The patterns of SST reveal subsurface dynamics, at least those with a surface Cited by: 4. Comparisons between in situ measurements of surface chlorophyll-a concentration (CHL) and ocean color remote sensing estimates were conducted during an oceanographic cruise on the Brazilian Southeastern continental shelf and slope, Southwestern South situ values were based on fluorometry, above-water radiometry and lidar fluorosensor.

Three empirical algorithms were used to. Wind Speed. The microwave wind speed retrieval estimates the ocean wind speed by. sensing the roughness of the ocean's surface caused by the surface wind.

does not give wind direction. Unless there is precipitation, the accuracy of. the wind speed is 2 ms-1 or better. Wind speeds are not reliable >~20 ms-1 (40 kt).

Typical applications of microwave radiometry concerning oceans are: sea salinity, sea surface temperature, wind speed and direction, sea ice detection and classification. However, in an attempt to measure properties of the sea from space, the intervening atmosphere will disturb the process, and corrections might be : Niels Skou.

Remote sensing of vertical temperature profiles by combined satellite- and surface-based microwave Feasibility of atmospheric temperature sensing from ocean data buoys by microwave radiometry.

NOAA Tech. Rep. ERL 32 pp. [NTIS ]. Buoy data are crucial because deployed in data sparse ocean area where no other source of valuable data are available. Marine forecasting. Buoy data are critical for producing improved marine forecasts. Hurricane or Cyclone forecasts can be improved by placing drifting buoys (with sub surface temperature measurements) into hotspots.

from microwave radiometry using a simple radiative transfer model of an atmo-spheric rain column, a rain rate distribution to account for sampling deficiencies, and an empirical correction of the nonuniformly filled field of view of the micro-wave sensor.

The microwave emission-based brightness temperature histogram (METH) technique has been. SST measurements are primarily made at a channel near 7 GHz with a water vapor correction enabled by observation at 21 GHz.

Other frequencies used for correction of surface roughness (including foam), precipitation, and what little effect clouds do have on microwave radiation 18, and 37 GHz. ——, and ——, b: Retrieval of liquid and ice water content in atmosphere using the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I).

Microwave Radiometer and Remote Sensing of Environment, X. Solminili, Ed., VSP, – Google Scholar: Wentz, F. J., Measurements of oceanic wind vector using satellite microwave radiometers, IEEE Trans Cited by: This book provides readers insight into the application of satellite microwave radiometric methods for the study of the system ocean-atmosphere (SOA) interaction.

It discusses the influence of the horizontal heat transfer in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL), its temperature, humidity regime and energy exchange with the ocean surface as well. The journal welcomes contributions related to all aspects of remote sensing of the ocean surface and lower atmosphere for this Special Issue.

Peter Minnett Guest Editor. Manuscript Submission Information. Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in. Microwave radiometry and sea surface salinity. Sea surface salinity can be measured with microwave radiometers.

In microwave radiometry, the power received by the radiometer antennae is proportional to the microwave emissivity and temperature of the ocean surface. Salt dissolves in water creating charged ions and by: RETRIEVAL OF ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE FROM AIRBORNE MICROWAVE RADIOMETER OBSERVATIONS Jian Xu 1, Franz Schreier, Mareike Kenntner 2, Andreas Fix, and Thomas Trautmann1 1DLR — German Aerospace Center, Remote Sensing Technology Institute, Oberpfaffenhofen, Weßling, Germany, Email: @ 2DLR — German Aerospace Center, Institute for Atmospheric.

Microwave radar and radiometric remote sensing measurements of lake ice. Swift. Simultaneous microwave radar and spectral radiometric data were collected over Lake Erie during March A theoretical development is presented which interprets the data collected at nadir in terms of changes in the ice thickness and the electromagnetic.

This book contains a selection of refereed papers presented at the 6 Specialist Meeting on Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment held in Florence, Italy on MarchOver the last two decades, passive microwave remote sensing has made considerable progress, and has achieved significant results in the study of the Format: Hardcover.

Its primary geophysical data products are ocean wind surface speed and direction, ocean wave length and direction, and high-resolution radar-mapping of land, ocean, ice, and coastal zones. The ERS-1 payload also included a radar altimeter, an along-track scanning infrared radiometer, a microwave sounder, and other measurement equipment.

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 43, NO. 5, MAY Modeling and Measurement of Rainfall by Ground-Based Multispectral Microwave Radiometry Frank Silvio Marzano, Senior Member, IEEE, Domenico Cimini, Member, IEEE, Piero Ciotti, Member, IEEE, and Randolph Ware Abstract—The potential of ground-based multispectral mi.

Comparison of Special Sensor Microwave Imager and buoy-measured wind speeds from to C. Mears, Deborah K. Smith, and Frank J. Wentz Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, California Abstract. We compare wind speeds derived from microwave radiometer measurements.

Eugene A. Sharkov Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of the Earth Physical Foundations SPRINGER-PRAXIS BOOKS IN GEOPHYSICAL SCIENCES Contents.

REMOTE SENSING CASE STUDIES. It appears that ocean colour and sea surface temperature data are complementary in defining the environmental limits of the distribution of albacore tuna, interactive processing of NOAA satellite data using atmospheric attenuation data obtained from a Vertical Temperature Profile Radiometer (VTPR) has led.

Feasibility of atmospheric temperature sensing from ocean data buoys by microwave radiometry / E. C ERL AOML 22 A comparison of satellite-observed sea-surface temperatures with ground truth in the Indian Ocean / C ERL APCL 39 A three-dimensional simulation of winds and non-precipitating orographic clouds over Hawaii / Everet.

It provides full explanations of radiative transfer, ocean surface properties, satellite orbits, instruments and methods, visible remote sensing of biogeochemical properties, infrared and microwave retrieval of sea surface temperature, sea surface salinity retrieval, passive microwave measurements, scatterometer wind retrieval, altimetry and by: MICROWAVE MODEL OF RADIATION FROM THE MULTILAYER ``OCEAN-ATMOSPHERE'' SYSTEM FOR REMOTE SENSING STUDIES OF THE POLAR REGIONS part of Russia," 10th Specialist Meeting on Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of Environment, A.

Alexeeva, "Snow cover effect on brightness temperature of Arctic ice fields based on SSM/I. Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR) Main Document Checksum: urn:shaabbebf4d9edcd0acdcc08becadecbf2b4f20ef Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment (MICRORAD ) Florence, Italy Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment IEEE, ().

Elena V. Shalina and Ola M. Johannessen Multi year sea ice concentration mapping using passive and active microwave satellite data, (). atmospheric profiles for temperature (K), absolute hu-midity (g m23), and liquid water (g m23) up to 10 km.

The MWRP on board the CCGS Amundsen was moun-ted behind the bridge near the smokestack (Fig. The MWRP uses passive microwave radiometry for water trumentcontains. Ulaby, F. T., et al., Microwave Remote Sensing: Active and Passive.

I – Microwave Remote Sensing Fundamentals and Radiometry. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. OCEAN-ATMOSPHERE WATER FLUX AND EVAPORATION W. Timothy Liu and Xiaosu Xie domly selected LH computed from three groups of buoy data in are used in the validation exercise.

Lee "Microwave Radiation of the Ocean-Atmosphere Boundary Heat and Dynamic Interaction" por Alexander A. Milshin disponible en Rakuten Kobo. The book describes different approaches to the analysis of heat and dynamic processes in the ocean-atmospheric interface Brand: Springer International Publishing.

Read "Microwave Radiation of the Ocean-Atmosphere Boundary Heat and Dynamic Interaction" by Alexander A. Milshin available from Rakuten Kobo.

The book describes different approaches to the analysis of heat and dynamic processes in the ocean-atmospheric interface Brand: Springer International Publishing. Workshop on Climate Data Records from Satellite Microwave Radiometry March Day 2 - 23 March Meeting Location: The CDRs include both the radiance sensor data records and atmospheric temperature thematic data records.

The workshop is sponsored by the NOAA Scientific Data Stewardship (SDS) program and also supports the. KEYWORDS: Refractive index, Sun, Radio optics, LIDAR, Aerosols, Calibration, Satellites, Remote sensing, Photometry, Atmospheric particles Read Abstract + Duhuang site has been selected as China Radiation Calibration Site (CRCS) for Remote Sensing Satellite Sensors since Oceanography from Space: Revisited.

18 Field Radiometry and Ocean Color Remote Sensing. altimeter AMSR-E analysis anomalies antenna applications ASAR atmospheric correction AVHRR backscattering bio-optical brightness temperature buoys calibration climate coastal coefficient computed CZCS derived developed Donlon eddies Envisat.

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